Site Map Tim Cliffe - Learning is best constantly exercised.

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Website last up-dated 2020-01-20


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My blogs are concerned with the research, structure, authoring, communication, and acquisition of knowledge.


Blogs and 'Article of the Week' are also promoted via my LinkedIn Profile (see top right).

Blogs - 2020

Instructional Design and On-screen Legibility - The Font of all Knowledge
When the available evidence is examined, critically, it is clear there is little evidence of any significant difference in the ability of readers to read on-screen text in serif versus sans-serif fonts.


  1. The Future of Synthetic Training Environments - Acousto-phoretic Volumetric Displays
    • Acousto-phoretic Volumetric Displays (AVD) are also known as Acoustic Holograms. The advantage of AVDs is they can be touched and manipulated.
  2. Identifying Learning Content - What You Don't Know You Don't Know
    • A Training Needs Analysis seeks to identify the learning content for an instructional resource, but how do you identify content you don't know exists?
  3. Task Analysis (The 5 Basic Formats) and Instructional Design
    • Task Analysis, in Instructional Design, ensures a thorough understanding of all performance(s) required of learners in the execution of their roles, which informs the requirements of the instructional resource. There are 5 basic formats of Task Analysis, one size does not fit all.
  4. Education - A Promise of Social Evolution, or Unfair Discriminator?
    • When the expectations of education-for-all were first expressed, some 70 or more years ago, the future was bright. The dream did come true, at least in part. But what now?
  5. Improving Graphical Media Specification
    • How to increase the likelihood of receiving finished media that is right-first-time.
  6. Identifying Content Development Structures for Large Courseware
    • A scenario-based presentation of issues and solutions to developing large courses.
  7. What Are Your Mobile Apps Doing Behind Your Back?
    • Why the use of mobile Apps needs careful consideration, and how they compromise your privacy and security.
  8. Words Words Words?
    • Philosophical and research evidence relating to the importance of personal interaction and debate in learning.
  9. Learning Objectives Were Not Intended For Learners
    • Why learning objectives were never intended for learners, and the issue of cognitive load.
  10. Pervasive Mobile Communication - Pervasive Learning?
    • A historical context for the expectations of mobile learning.


  1. Integrating Social Learning and Formal Learning
    • Social Learning - We have experts to learn from, and they have existed for a very long time.
  2. Socrates and Social Learning in the Mobile Environment
    • Socrates' "conceit of wisdom" and how effective Social Learning can address such concerns.
  3. Gamification in Digital Learning Assessment
    • Gamification in assessment benefits from 'Flow', to better represent the assessee.
  4. Knowledge Management - The Risk to Learning Presented by Data Silos
    • Why Data Silos must be replaced by a single set of data structures, able to communicate with each other.
  5. The RACI Matrix and Knowledge Management
    • How a RACI Analysis improves business capacity, organisation, planning, productivity, and training.
  6. The Importance of Research in Instructional Design
    • Why knowledge of the available research evidence, in applying Instructional Design methodology, is crucial.
  7. 5G Natural Apprenticeship and Digital Learning
    • How 5G will fundamentally change the management and distribution of data and what constitutes learning.


  1. Your First Meeting With Your Subject Matter Expert
    • Your Subject Matter Expert (SME), and your relationship with them, is crucial to the timely development of learning resources.
  2. Testing e-Learning Templates Is Not Simply Adding Text And Media
    • Very few clients understand what is involved.

Article of the Week

My 'Article of the Week' can be on any subject of interest.


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Electric cars 'will not solve transport problem,' report warns. Article of the Week
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